Our Work:
Impact Investing

Investing for social and environmental progress.

CDF_Parnership Icon_Bright Green_Impact

Aligning our investments with our values to drive social and environmental progress

Foundations fund their activities through the proceeds of endowments. For many public-good organizations, the vast majority of their portfolio is invested in the market - predominantly the stock market – sometimes with little consideration of how profits arrive and the implications for the environment or workers. That money needs to work harder and smarter.


At Catherine Donnelly Foundation, we aim to leverage our capital to serve the causes we care about. It starts by overseeing our endowment money so we don’t fund the activities we work hard to eradicate, such as the burning of fossil fuels. We are committed to investing in corporations that embrace positive social change and to use our position as a shareholder to encourage companies to uphold practices and policies consistent with our values and mission.


CDF has strong environmental, social, and governance (ESG) screens related to how we invest; exclusions we believe also bring better returns. In early 2020, amid unprecedented market volatility related to the Covid-19 pandemic and unstable political conditions in the United States, 83% of responsible investing funds with strong ESG screens outperformed their average asset class.


To really maximize the positive change an endowment creates, foundations can align each dollar of their investments with the good of their charitable mission. Impact investing provides one way of doing this by generating specific social or environmental benefits with financial gains. As the quality and range of beneficial investment options increase, so too does the logic of investing more in these causes.


“The Catherine Donnelly Foundation has not only worked with SHARE to align its activity as an investor with its values as a foundation, it has consistently been willing to take the lead on issues that matter and use its leverage as a shareholder to push both individually and collectively for a sustainable, inclusive and productive economy. CDF has been an outspoken advocate for making finances and investments serve people, not the other way around.”

Kevin Thomas

CEO, Shareholder Association for research and Education (SHARE)

Impact investing at a glance


Since 2014, The Catherine Donnelly Foundation has made 18 impact investments.


These investments total $2.5 million.


We have pledge to invest 10% of our assets in impact investments.

Objectives and approach

Our Investment Objectives

Engaging with our capital and fully understanding its power is a matter of ethical integrity for The Catherine Donnelly Foundation; there is an inherent contradiction in granting for a healthier environment and a more equitable and just society with funds from investments that may pollute our communities or treat our residents unethically.

Our Approach

The Catherine Donnelly Foundation believes how we invest our endowment is an extension of our mission to transform the lives of those most in need. Our responsible investment approach takes environmental, social and governance factors into account and excludes profit from companies that support fossils fuels, the manufacture of weapons or benefits from human rights abuses, among other screens.

We work to enact positive change in the corporate partners we invest in through direct engagement and initiating shareholder proposals at annual meetings.

What We Look For

Our Impact investing actively seeks positive social and or environmental objectives delivered with a financial return. Foundation investments range between $50,000 and $500,000, with funds in any individual entity not to exceed $1,000,000 and can include, but are not limited to, social impact bonds, community bonds, loans, direct private debt, private debt funds, private equity funds, loan guarantees, and Letters of Support. 

Factors considered in our analysis include: a balance between achieving targeted investment returns and strong social impact; financial and operational sustainability of the business and the business model; and the track record, reputation, and credibility of the business and key personnel.

Managing our capital to produce positive and sustainable change

The Catherine Donnelly Foundation has pledged to invest 10% of our assets in impact investments and since 2014 has made, approved or committed to 13 investments totalling $2.4 million. This includes “exited” investments.


CDF and other impact investors are motivated to make investments because of – not in spite of – financial return. We are also motivated by the belief that the success of our investments will encourage others to follow our example and generate more capital to produce positive and sustainable change.


In 2018, the Toronto-based Responsible Investment Association (RIA) recognized the Catherine Donnelly Foundation for being part of a trend toward “publicly seeking to make an impact with their endowment … [and] aligning portfolios with organizational values.”


Most of our impact investments are aligned to our core funding areas, so we provide guarantees for operating loans to non-profits impacted by COVID-19, help create new clean, renewable energy projects in Latin America or access to capital and financial inclusion for newcomers across Canada.


The Catherine Donnelly Foundation was among the earliest of investors in Raven Indigenous Impact Fund I, the world's only purpose-driven Indigenous venture capital fund providing financing to early-growth Indigenous businesses who otherwise wouldn't have access to capital. Our $250,000 investment has helped Raven offer expertise and capital not otherwise available to support the ongoing revitalization of Indigenous entrepreneurs and the Indigenous economy in Canada.


In 2020, we invested $300,000 in the Saint John Community Loan Fund to assist in building their capacity. SJCLF provides community loans ranging from $50 to $50,000 to help people grow a business or social enterprise, return to work, go to school or increase the availability of affordable housing or commercial spaces that rejuvenate neighborhoods. This investment adds resources at a grassroots lender and encourages a social enterprise ecosystem in New Brunswick that works with creative and enterprising partners to scale innovative solutions to reduce poverty and strengthen community wellbeing.


The Catherine Donnelly Foundation is also committed to leveraging our investments in companies to improve governance, operational practices and conditions for workers. In the third quarter of 2020 alone, SHARE (Shareholder Association for research & Education) brought proxy votes before annual meetings and engaged directly with 12 companies on behalf of the Foundation in the areas of civil rights, reconciliation and climate change, among other areas.

CDF’s findings, learnings, successes and failures are documented in Impactful Investment Capital as a Force for Good: Moving from Theory to Practice.


Find a complete list of our impact investments below.

Our Impact Investments

Location: Ontario

Time frame: 2015 to 2017

Invested: $168,884

Investment type: Limited partnership

Impact: Alternative energy and energy efficiency

Return: 5.86%


CDF invested with CoPower Inc., a leading Canadian clean energy investment platform, as part of a $2.5 million round of financing for clean energy infrastructure loans. Among the projects funded were energy efficiency retrofits, solar rooftop installations as well as geothermal heating and cooling systems in condominiums.

www.copower.me Link opens a new window

Location: Toronto, ON and Vancouver, BC

Time frame: 2016 to 2021

Invested: $173,823

Investment type: Pay-for-success contract (Social Impact Bond)

Impact: Seniors cardiovascular health improvement

Return: 6.54%


The Community Hypertension Prevention Initiative is a lifestyle-change program to help seniors at risk of developing hypertension adopt healthier habits to lower their blood pressure. To fund the project, MaRS Centre for Impact Investing worked with Heart & Stroke and the Public Health Agency of Canada to structure a social impact bond. The bond was the first occasion a social impact bonds was used to fund better health outcomes for Canadians. The federal government repays investors based on successful outcomes. In 2019, Heart & Stroke began enrolling 4,100 participants in the free six-month wellness program.

www.heartandstroke.ca/activate/chpi Link opens a new window

Location: Quebec, Ontario, Saskatoon and British Columbia

Time frame: 2017 to 2018

Invested: $101,750

Investment type: Limited partnership and pay-for-success contract (Social Impact Bond)

Impact: Literacy and essential skills interventions

Return: 0.00%


Colleges and Institutes Canada (CICan) implemented the first national social finance project of its kind in Canada. The Essential Skills Social Finance project was a partnership between the federal government; CICan; College Service Delivery Partners; private investors; and, the Social Research and Development Corporation. Investor capital funded four College Service Delivery Providers to raise the essential skill levels of unemployed adult Canadians. The federal government repaid investors on the basis of essential skills gains among participants. 88% of the unemployed Canadians who received training achieved measurable skills improvements, but funders only received 96% of their original investment.

Read More Link opens a new window

Location: Ontario

Time frame: 2014 to 2019

Invested: $100,000

Investment type: Community Bond

Impact: Alternative energy

Return 5.03%


The Foundation made its first impact investment in the spring of 2014 – a $100,000 investment in SolarShare bonds. SolarShare is a leading Ontario renewable energy co-op that develops commercial-scale solar energy installations ranging from 10 kW rural systems to 600 kW arrays on industrial rooftops and in non-arable fields. To date, SolarShare has invested over $39 million and has returned over $5 million for investors.

www.solarbonds.ca Link opens a new window

Location: Toronto, ON

Time frame: 2018

Invested: $82,516

Investment type: Private debt

Impact: Co-op retrofit – energy and resource efficiency

Return: 5%


The Foundation's investment is to support a retrofit project at the "Marine Heights Co-op Cliffside Drive" apartments in Toronto. The Co-op comprises 16 two-storey apartment buildings with 144 units in total. The investment will support installation of Heating reflector panels, CO detection and monitoring system, lighting, and plumbing retrofits.


www.taf.ca/financing/ Link opens a new window

Location: Toronto, ON

Time frame: 2015 to 2022

Invested: $100,000

Investment type: Community Bond

Impact: Alternative Energy

Return: 5.04%


In April 2015, the Foundation invested in the Zooshare Biogas Cooperative to develop a $6 million 500kW electricity generation facility at the Toronto Zoo which would sell energy to the Ontario Power Authority. Fuel for the 500kW plant will come from 30,000 tonnes of inedible food waste via a major grocery retailer and animal manure from the zoo. Zooshare expected commercial operation to begin in Spring 2020, however, is delayed.

www.zooshare.ca Link opens a new window

Location: Canada

Time frame: 2017 to 2024

Invested: $400,000

Investment type: Limited Partnership

Impact: Social housing

Projected return: Market rate of return


New Commons Development is a non-profit real estate development company that creates affordable housing for some of Canada’s most marginalized communities. The New Commons Development Fund pools investments from community groups and other non-profit as well as government-owned agencies. Among recent initiatives is the development of 36 new affordable rental housing units for seniors, a Parent-Child resource centre and a community gathering space for Woodgreen Community Services in Toronto.

www.newcommons.ca/ Link opens a new window

Location: Latin America and the Caribbean

Time frame: 2019 to 2024

Invested: $250,000

Investment type: Fixed-income Bond

Impact: Women entrepreneurs, SME financing, affordable housing and renewable energy

Return: 6%


Deetken Impact and Pro Mujer, a provider of vital services to low income women, partnered in 2016 to manage the Ilu Women’s Empowerment Fund to advance gender equality in Latin America and the Caribbean. US$25 million was raised from so-called catalytic investors, Canadian foundations and Credit Unions. A second US$10 million is planned. The fund invests in a diversified portfolio of businesses that promote women in leadership and governance, products and services that meet the needs of women and girls, gender-sensitive value chains and equity.

www.deetkenimpact.com/women-empowerment/ Link opens a new window

Location: Guelph, ON

Time frame: 2019 to 2022

Invested: $100,000

Investment type: Community Bond

Impact: Social-purpose real estate

Projected return: 4.39%


42 Carden is a joint project between not-for-profit organizations 10 Carden Shared Space (10C) and Chalmers Community Services Centre. The building was purchased in 2015 to create a larger space for 10C, which established Guelph’s hub for community activators and changemakers in 2009. To finance the purchase, redesign, and renovation of the new location, 42 Carden has issues a series of Community Bonds.

www.10carden.ca/community-bonds/ Link opens a new window

Location: Canada

Time frame: 2020 to 2030

Invested: $250,000

Investment type: Limited Partnership

Impact: Indigenous-focused equity investing

Projected return: 4-6%


The Raven Indigenous Impact Fund focuses on bringing patient capital to invest with Indigenous social enterprises and community-owned enterprises in Canada at an early-and-growth stage. The Fund focuses on deal sizes that range from $250K to $1.1M and enterprises are screened through an Indigenous impact lens. Raven offers technical and managerial assistance to support Indigenous social enterprises.

www.ravencapitalpartners.ca/fund1 Link opens a new window

Location: Saint John, NB

Time frame: 2021 to 2027

Invested: $200,000

Investment type: Loan

Impact: Poverty reduction community capacity-building

Projected return: 2.5%


This investment builds capacity at this grassroots lender and encourages a social enterprise ecosystem in New Brunswick that works with creative and enterprising partners to scale innovative solutions to poverty reduction and community wellbeing. The Saint John Community Loan Fund provides accessible loans, equity investment and matched savings to help people create income and build assets as well as creating social-purpose residential and commercial real estate that offer affordable spaces that rejuvenate neighborhoods. To learn more about Saint John Community Loan Fund visit their website.

www.loanfund.ca Link opens a new window

Location: Canada

Time frame: 2020 to 2024

Invested: $250,000

Investment type: Fixed Income Bond

Impact: Supporting newcomers and refugees

Return: 2%


Funds provide access to capital and financial inclusion for newcomers to Canada. Windmill offers microloans to help skilled immigrants and refugees continue their careers in Canada. Loans of up to $15,000 help clients attain Canadian licensing or training required to work in their field or to secure work matching their level of education, skills, and experience. Microloans can pay for exams, training, assessments, books and materials, living allowance, relocation costs, professional association fees or other expenses related to advancing their career. Funded by the public and private sector, Windmill is Canada’s largest and most successful microlending program for immigrants and refugees, with a repayment rate of 97%.

www.windmillmicrolending.org Link opens a new window

Location: Toronto, ON

Time frame: 2021 to 2022

Invested: $250,000

Investment type: Loan

Impact: Affordable Housing

Return 1.90%


Parkdale Neighbourhood Land Trust (PNLT) is a not-for-profit community land trust in Toronto that owns land and buildings to provide affordable housing, furnish spaces for social enterprises and non-profit organizations, and offer urban agriculture and open space. This project aims to develop 36 units of affordable rental housing for low- and moderate-income households at 22 Maynard Avenue in Parkdale. Tenant access is targeted for equity-seeking community members and those facing marginalization in the housing market, including Black and Indigenous community members, Women-led and single-parent households, economically displaced former and current residents of Parkdale and tenants at-risk of homelessness.

In Nov. 2022, PNLT received funding from the City of Toronto at better rates and offered investors early redemption with accrued interest on guarantor deposits.

Parkdale Neighbourhood Land Trust

Location: Global

Time frame: Open-Ended

Invested: $100,000

Investment type: Global multi-asset fund

Impact: Opportunities contributing to the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals

Return: Market rate of return


A global multi-asset-class impact fund aligned to the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals. This fund offers high-impact returns that go well beyond a traditional ESG approach by intentionally targeting investments that contribute measurable outcomes in five areas: sustainably meeting basic needs, empowering the structurally excluded, addressing climate change, sustainable use of natural capital and social infrastructure. Fund holdings include Women’s and Children’s Health Technology Fund, Deetken Ilu Women’s Empowerment Fund and Ecolab.

Rally Assets

Location: North America

Time frame: 2023 to 2032

Invested: $400,000

Investment type: Limited Partnership

Impact: Climate change, food and water security and healthcare

Return: Market rate of return

Pangaea Ventures is a Vancouver-based venture capital firm that invest in companies leveraging advancements in materials science, chemistry, and biology to primarily address global challenges related to climate change, food and water security and healthcare. Impact Fund V was established to invest in start-ups with innovative technologies to help resolve issues facing society such as decarbonization, climate change, and water resources. The firm has developed an impact quantification model that measures reporting in four distinct themes: Tons of CO2 reduced, Amount of Food Made, Number of Lives Impacted, Amount of Fresh Water Saved.

Pangaea Ventures

Location: Canada with a particular focus on the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area (GTHA)

Time frame: 2023 – 2032

Invested: $500,000

Investment type: Limited Partnership

Impact: Climate change, broadening affordability and equity, and building social capital

Return: Market rate of return

TAS is a prominent real estate company headquartered in Toronto. Their main goal is to create sustainable communities while addressing climate change and promoting affordability and equity. TAS LP4 will be primarily focused on developing and repositioning multi-family and urban industrial buildings. Since 2021, TAS has transformed traditional warehouses to various flexible commercial/industrial uses including small businesses and social enterprises.

Location: Canada

Time frame: 2024 –

Invested: $400,000

Investment type: Limited Partnership

Impact: Housing affordability, conversion of for-profit apartments to community ownership and green building and GHG reduction.

Return: Market rate of return

New Market Funds Inc. is a finance intermediary jointly owned by New Market Funds Society and New Market Funds Inc. employees that focuses on affordable housing and community lending in Canada’s 30 largest census metropolitan areas. Rental Housing Fund II invests in purpose-built, stabilized multi-family affordable rental housing and acquires for-profit apartments to preserve affordability via conversion to non-profit ownership.

New Market Fund Rental Housing Fund II

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